Tramadol Is a Painkiller Used to Treat Arthritis
Tramadol, that also has a brand name – Ultram among others, is an opioid painkiller. It is a controlled substance. It affects the body system similar to what morphine does; nevertheless its exact acting mechanism is not completely understood. Tramadol lessens the feelings of pain by inhibiting the transmission of certain neurotransmitters in the brain that control pain sensations.
In this article will find the most important things you should be warned about Tramadol usage to make sure it is a right medication for you.
Tramadol can be effective to cure moderate to severe types of pain. It comes under the group of medications that doctors call opiate agonists. Tramadol relieves pain by changing the way the body feels it. Sometimes, people think that Tramadol is an NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug), but this is a wrong thought.
There are different kinds of Tramadol pills: fast acting and long acting formulations. Fast acting tablet is 50mg. and long acting tablet is available in several dosages (100,200 or 300mg.). Long acting tablets doctors usually prescribe for patients who suffer from chronic pain and need regular treatment. Depending on your particular case your doctor will prescribe you the appropriate form of medication.
It is very important to take Tramadol long acting pills at once, do not chew or crush them. Make sure you follow your doctor’s instructions properly to avoid unwanted side effects.
Tramadol Can Be Addictive
Never stop taking Tramadol abruptly because withdrawal symptoms may occur. Your doctor will direct you during your treatment and tell you how much and how often you should take the drug. Otherwise it can cause dependency. In order to avoid dependency your doctor may gradually decrease your dosage of Tramadol.
Precautions to Consider and Contraindications
Drug Interactions: Tramadol can interact with the following drugs:
- Carbamazepine reduces the effect of tramadol
- Quinidine increases tramadol concentration by 50% to 60%
- Combining tramadol with an MAO (monoamine oxidase inhibitor) inhibitor or SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) can lead to seizures or other serious side effects.
Inform your doctor about all drugs and supplements you use on a regular basis.
If you combine certain substances with Tramadol it can result in breathing and heart problems. For this reason you should avoid alcohol and other central nervous system depressants when taking Tramadol, such as sedatives, tranquilizers and narcotic drugs.
Pregnancy: Taking Tramadol when pregnant and nursing wasn’t approved whether it is safe or not. Therefore you should not take this medication during pregnancy and nursing.
Overdose: Tramadol is safe if you take it properly according to your doctor’s instructions. In case of overdose seek medical help immediately. You can call 911 or call your local poison control centre. Among the symptoms of overdose there are: heart attack, convulsive attack, breathing problems, decreased pupil size or difficulty staying awake.
Tramadol Side Effects
Most patients usually tolerate Tramadol quiet well. If side effects appear, normally they cease over time. Here are some most common side effects of Tramadol:
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Intestinal obstruction
- Faintness and unsteadiness
Sometimes a patient can also experience skin rash, diarrhea, increased sweating and seizures after Tramadol.
Tramadol as a Treatment for Osteoarthritis
The Cochrane Review came to conclusion that Tramadol can be effective to treat Osteoarthritis. To see its benefits a patient should use drug for about 3 months at least. Besides pain relief, it can improve flexibility, functioning and overall well-being. But, in spite of this, if side effects occur it can be hard to continue on this medication.